Quick pasta to go

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Integer id egestas mauris. Nullam molestie nunc vel congue egestas. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Nam facilisis diam viverra libero interdum, interdum semper dui pellentesque. Sed posuere dui at malesuada condimentum. Etiam sit amet finibus tellus. Praesent eu urna in ligula placerat pellentesque.

Quisque pharetra sollicitudin dui, at condimentum ligula porttitor sit amet. Integer nec fermentum erat, quis pellentesque urna. Cras sollicitudin turpis eget ipsum convallis vulputate. Cras scelerisque purus felis, eu feugiat massa suscipit eget. Vivamus pulvinar ultrices ex sed dignissim. Sed a mollis justo. Praesent sed diam sit amet libero mollis consectetur.

Quisque ac est sodales, laoreet ligula eu, mollis neque. Quisque eleifend congue libero ut faucibus. Sed malesuada scelerisque molestie. Nulla fermentum laoreet pellentesque. Fusce nunc nisl, luctus vitae rhoncus malesuada, placerat ac nibh. Nam a justo velit. Integer in diam at elit fringilla finibus. In dictum auctor leo at tincidunt. Suspendisse ac dolor at arcu fermentum fringilla. Suspendisse dapibus metus leo, nec mollis lorem cursus eget. Curabitur viverra elit non posuere volutpat.

Nam nisi mi, vulputate ut justo sed, hendrerit aliquam turpis. Fusce at orci lobortis, aliquam libero at, dapibus urna. Donec sed porta urna. Sed risus nisi, vehicula sed egestas ut, tristique vitae risus. Donec et urna metus. Sed pellentesque magna eu nibh posuere, nec dapibus diam molestie. Ut egestas hendrerit ante, at molestie dolor porta aliquet. Nulla facilisi. Vivamus odio ante, fringilla semper malesuada nec, cursus non ante. Vivamus euismod sed enim euismod hendrerit. Nulla tortor urna, sodales eget magna in, sollicitudin mattis turpis. Donec pharetra sapien vitae nibh faucibus interdum.

Salad in a salad bar

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Cras sodales eget lacus in luctus. Nullam molestie urna vitae sem tempus, eu ornare arcu condimentum. Quisque at neque id lacus feugiat luctus. Fusce quis erat felis. Sed massa felis, dignissim a tellus sed, auctor blandit augue. Praesent id cursus nisi, nec hendrerit tortor. Curabitur egestas velit erat, porttitor fringilla felis maximus eget. Proin faucibus auctor ex a tincidunt. Aenean pharetra dolor et magna facilisis, ac tristique lectus varius.

Nulla sit amet sapien ac mi iaculis imperdiet in posuere diam. Mauris pellentesque placerat arcu, nec tempor est viverra nec. Donec aliquet ipsum non ornare scelerisque. Sed a consequat risus. Donec tempus ipsum quis fringilla viverra. Sed sed tellus vel leo pulvinar imperdiet id sit amet augue. Maecenas et nisi neque. Nullam vel sem in sem gravida accumsan in ac turpis. Fusce at gravida nunc. Donec orci augue, efficitur blandit metus id, ornare accumsan nisi. Praesent quis pharetra nisl. Mauris vel orci ac orci maximus condimentum vitae a nunc. Integer iaculis scelerisque interdum. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aenean non pretium ipsum. Maecenas sagittis laoreet diam non facilisis.

Fusce quis eleifend sem. Aenean sed turpis nunc. Cras at ante convallis, dignissim felis sit amet, scelerisque tortor. Aliquam eleifend, dui sed sodales vulputate, mi nibh vestibulum orci, vitae pulvinar lorem tortor quis velit. Aenean vulputate quam vel lacus varius, ac sollicitudin est cursus. Nulla facilisi. Nam fringilla nibh diam, vitae dignissim diam sagittis sed. Sed tincidunt ipsum et arcu auctor aliquet. Pellentesque venenatis vel est at molestie. Integer ultricies diam at lorem bibendum, a suscipit ante porttitor. Duis justo justo, congue vel rutrum at, consectetur pharetra felis. Proin commodo condimentum eros, sit amet cursus nisi rutrum id. Etiam tincidunt dapibus iaculis. Nunc finibus efficitur leo nec pellentesque. Curabitur placerat nisi nec tincidunt accumsan. Suspendisse gravida lorem sed massa iaculis, sit amet blandit dolor maximus.

Vegan salad

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Nam nisi mi, vulputate ut justo sed, hendrerit aliquam turpis. Fusce at orci lobortis, aliquam libero at, dapibus urna. Donec sed porta urna. Sed risus nisi, vehicula sed egestas ut, tristique vitae risus. Donec et urna metus. Sed pellentesque magna eu nibh posuere, nec dapibus diam molestie. Ut egestas hendrerit ante, at molestie dolor porta aliquet. Nulla facilisi. Vivamus odio ante, fringilla semper malesuada nec, cursus non ante. Vivamus euismod sed enim euismod hendrerit. Nulla tortor urna, sodales eget magna in, sollicitudin mattis turpis. Donec pharetra sapien vitae nibh faucibus interdum.

Pellentesque hendrerit semper erat, ut lobortis urna interdum a. Integer vitae mollis metus, tincidunt feugiat sem. Nulla venenatis venenatis turpis id fermentum. Ut lacinia vulputate sodales. Vestibulum lobortis molestie tellus quis dignissim. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Integer ac mi erat. Pellentesque consectetur porta tortor, id porta eros tincidunt blandit. Nunc accumsan bibendum nisl sed hendrerit. Quisque auctor ex sit amet risus lacinia iaculis. Praesent facilisis et sapien ultricies condimentum. Ut sed metus quis dui vestibulum ultrices. Cras molestie maximus nunc sed eleifend. Nam nec metus vitae mi dapibus vehicula. Suspendisse auctor mauris metus, elementum vulputate dolor commodo a. Proin posuere venenatis tellus non sagittis.

Aliquam sit amet ultricies lacus, sit amet mattis nisl. Quisque ultricies sagittis pharetra. Donec libero magna, fermentum et arcu sit amet, suscipit porttitor metus. Proin aliquam purus pretium, viverra felis vitae, semper risus. Morbi rutrum magna sit amet massa aliquam, a bibendum orci volutpat. Curabitur sed turpis sollicitudin, suscipit arcu eget, interdum purus. In et dui suscipit, eleifend ipsum eget, rhoncus tortor. Fusce ut hendrerit velit. Fusce tempor dolor finibus volutpat lobortis.

Cake with raisins and almonds

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Proin ut vehicula nibh. Etiam ultrices at velit eget vulputate. Phasellus imperdiet lacus dapibus orci aliquam commodo. Donec et imperdiet tellus. In ultricies arcu sed viverra vulputate. Vestibulum eget velit ac nibh pharetra rutrum vel non velit. Donec blandit mi augue, sit amet tincidunt leo vulputate sed. Proin at nisi nisl.

Praesent et pharetra est. Nam et tristique diam. Cras elementum libero non posuere dapibus. Maecenas sit amet risus iaculis, commodo urna sed, tempor ex. Vestibulum malesuada mauris ut ex laoreet laoreet. Praesent vehicula, ligula et bibendum ornare, est mi imperdiet mauris, vel congue erat ligula ac libero. Cras quis nulla semper, fringilla lacus vitae, viverra augue. Vivamus scelerisque libero rhoncus tempor sodales. Donec ut varius lacus, eu porta arcu. Morbi auctor blandit feugiat. Aenean ut imperdiet metus. Fusce ut semper ex.

Pellentesque ut risus ac nibh aliquet ullamcorper vel ac justo. Vivamus nisl diam, efficitur nec nisi in, lacinia sollicitudin odio. Donec varius, ipsum nec imperdiet fermentum, elit dui ornare tortor, et tempus quam elit et magna. Curabitur mollis justo quis sapien scelerisque, ac vulputate risus faucibus. Etiam sapien libero, commodo ac nisi vel, dignissim scelerisque eros. Phasellus lacus tortor, pulvinar in libero nec, sodales iaculis mi. Quisque eu interdum odio. Suspendisse condimentum ipsum vel fringilla porta. Integer congue auctor tellus nec scelerisque. Integer lacinia consectetur elit vel facilisis. Donec ac neque ac dolor congue consequat fermentum non neque. Proin blandit libero metus, ut faucibus nunc consectetur sit amet. Donec convallis lacus id risus facilisis condimentum. Phasellus justo orci, ultrices sed volutpat ut, aliquam vel sem. Vestibulum varius turpis eget aliquam maximus.

Salad with olives

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Nam eu turpis eu dui aliquam aliquet. Praesent vulputate mattis turpis, at consequat risus varius sed. In pellentesque ut sapien sit amet porta. Sed pulvinar auctor fermentum. In tincidunt nulla odio, non tincidunt metus molestie quis. Donec bibendum consequat blandit. Sed sagittis fringilla blandit. Sed et volutpat velit, eu dapibus urna. Sed ac sollicitudin dui, eget faucibus sem. Vivamus tempor risus sit amet vulputate varius. Etiam venenatis consectetur nulla, vitae ullamcorper nisl sagittis nec.

Duis vel imperdiet nulla, nec semper magna. Nunc sit amet odio ac sapien cursus convallis. Proin massa turpis, vehicula ut nibh at, volutpat faucibus dolor. In felis diam, semper laoreet felis vitae, gravida vehicula velit. Mauris interdum libero non tempor rhoncus. Quisque sed purus vehicula, porta metus eu, dictum lacus. Suspendisse condimentum fringilla nunc non accumsan. Vivamus ut faucibus neque. Vestibulum vitae tristique neque. Maecenas in elit pharetra arcu dapibus luctus vel eget nisi. Maecenas sapien ante, efficitur et viverra non, pharetra sit amet felis.

Curabitur consectetur, urna a elementum blandit, mauris lectus interdum sem, sit amet tincidunt metus sapien feugiat mauris. Fusce suscipit elit dui, ac mattis arcu rhoncus sit amet. Integer ut tempus arcu. Aenean vel nulla ultricies, iaculis lorem vel, tristique odio. Curabitur pharetra a dolor ut feugiat. Quisque ultricies, dui in placerat ultrices, arcu risus condimentum sapien, molestie venenatis augue arcu at dui. Integer ac dui ut ante feugiat fringilla id quis enim. Cras massa magna, tristique ac tempus congue, faucibus ut ligula. Aliquam erat volutpat.

Green salad in a wooden bowl

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Suspendisse potenti. Etiam feugiat viverra gravida. Cras mi odio, luctus vel tempor ut, rutrum nec magna. Nam varius sollicitudin interdum. Morbi ex lorem, maximus nec dui quis, volutpat varius enim. Nunc nec porttitor elit. Nam iaculis sagittis egestas. Aenean vitae nulla mi. Nam eu ante a lorem hendrerit ultricies ac quis nibh.

Sed at porttitor diam, a rutrum neque. Aenean consectetur semper neque, eget tristique sem mollis sit amet. Vestibulum placerat non massa ac semper. Sed hendrerit mi elit, vel ultricies nulla viverra sed. Pellentesque ex quam, sollicitudin malesuada sodales ut, vestibulum sed lectus. Aliquam ac enim rutrum, volutpat eros eu, congue nulla. Sed blandit blandit ullamcorper. Vivamus faucibus lacus eu dolor bibendum, ac volutpat tortor luctus. Proin nisi velit, consectetur nec tincidunt ut, vulputate sed turpis. Aenean scelerisque, libero sed eleifend scelerisque, nunc dolor elementum purus, id pharetra arcu dolor a ex.

Vestibulum congue sodales arcu tincidunt iaculis. Morbi quis enim at tellus tristique feugiat ut id felis. Nulla rutrum, est in dapibus aliquet, magna quam tincidunt leo, a congue nulla diam sed sem. Aliquam mattis bibendum dolor in dapibus. Vivamus tellus augue, ultricies vitae tellus in, condimentum scelerisque purus. Mauris non tortor enim. Vivamus vehicula ornare eleifend. Proin nec sem iaculis, ullamcorper quam quis, vestibulum diam. Proin nec semper nulla.

ASHEVILLE COFFEE HISTORY PART 1

Middle Eastern Coffee

Our love affair with coffee and wine started long before our town changed its name from Morristown – the county seat of Buncombe County in 1794 – to Asheville. Coffee was introduced to Western North Carolina long after a number of sophisticated Native American nations – including the civilization of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee who had been consuming natively grown roasted chicory root as a tonic.

Its speculated that the Spanish conquistadors were the first ones to bring coffee into Western North Carolina. The Spanish had just finished a protracted “reconquista” reclaiming Spain from an occupation that lasted 700 years. Much of Spain and Southern France was finally won back by its own European natives in the late 1400’s. A gift of coffee and the secrets of its preparation was left behind by the Moorish conquerers.

After the war the Spanish maintained trade with their former conquerors and coffee beans came direct from Ethiopia and Yemen. This coffee habit was one of the few happy thing the Arabs, Turks and North Africans left behind in Spain after fomenting – to this date – the world’s longest war of religious occupation. This war reached all parts of the world in the form of Spanish combat officers and soldiers sent out across the world in the name of the Spanish Crown to stake claim to the “New World”.

The Reconquista lasted between 718-1492 and  the end of the occupation facilitated the Spanish Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile sending Christopher Columbus to find the route to India by sailing Easterly over the Atlantic Ocean.

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ASHEVILLE COFFEE HISTORY PART 2

Southern Appalachias Asheville

Commissioned by the Spanish crown, veterans of the Reconquista followed Columbus, to colonize and conquer America’s Southeast. Their hold of the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America and South America lasted until the 1800’s. They successfully established coffee inn Mexico in the late 18th century. We suspect that a finite amount of coffee was consumed by all expeditionary forces most likely by the officers first given how precious it would be. At least two military expeditions of Spanish soldiers, translators, prisoners, priests and slaves would traverse what would become Asheville, North Carolina. The first coffee in Asheville might have been roasted, brewed and served around the mid 1500’s along with the last of their Spanish wine.

In 1541, Hernando de Soto and his expedition are said to have traversed the banks at the confluence of the Swannanoa River and South French Broad Rivers – an ancient road crossing of Native American foot paths. They were looking for both gold, the fountain of youth (Muscadine Grapes) and a route through the mountains and southward to their colonial cities in Mexico. De Soto expeditionary force traveled westward over the Saluda Mountains and into the Asheville Valley looking for three things that evaded them. They found little gold, no path to Mexico and no fountain of youth. In vain and with a perfect all that they sought was beneath their noses. The Spanish were not able to extrapolate that part of the healthy lifestyle of Native Americans in Western North Carolina Asheville and their good health and long age might be due to the consumption of muscadine grapes which hold valuable anti-aging anti-oxidants. They probably consumed the Muscadine and even attempted to make wine from it. The Spanish were only 80 miles for a massive Charlotte gold field. For all the massacres, wars, disease and depredations the Spanish wreaked on Native Americans in North Carolina in search for gold. – it’s especially ironic to consider that the Charlotte gold field had ingots of pure gold occur above the surface – ready to simply be picked up. Just a few hours from Fort San Juan – they missed the secret Native American foot pass to the Mississippi Valley via the Catawba Trail to the Cumberland Gap – a route to pivot Southward and to their colonial capital Mexico City.

The confluence is located where Biltmore Avenue, Asheville’s historic Vanderbilt family home – The Biltmore Estate, Asheville’s Biltmore Village, French Broad River Park and Asheville’s River Arts District. Lamentably, the Spanish soldiers and missionaries left disease and untold wreckage behind them. They did trade and negotiate with the stronger Native American nations leaving a taste for Spanish roasted coffee, Spanish grape wine and Spanish jewelry in their wake.

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ASHEVILLE COFFEE HISTORY PART 3

western-north-carolina history map

Another Conquistador, Captain Juan Pardo followed in de Soto’s trail. Pardo and his men were victorious war veterans in the war against Umayyad Caliphate that had ejected Islam from Spain in the world’s longest war to date. Turkish roasted coffee was as much a part of their cuisine as Spanish wine. The Spanish brought their coffee with them in their attempted conquest of North America. After destroying several French coastal settlements, arrived in Western North Carolina with more than coffee beans. He brought 120 steel clad armed soldiers, 30 mastiff war dogs and fifty matchlocks (large muskets).

They traveled 231 miles from Fort Santa Elena (located on present-day Parris Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina) across Asheville’s future location and built Fort San Juan outside of Morrisville, NC just 49 miles from Asheville, NC.

Coffee, wine and steel is what that peaked the interests of the stronger American tribes that were not overcome by the Spaniards. Yet, the depredations of de Soto and Pardo’s men sealed the fate the Fort San Juan. The garrison was burnt to the ground by Catawba Nation and only Juan de Badejoz Rodriguez, escaped – it is said with the last bag of coffee and cask of wine.[11]  The site had been archaeologically excavated and named the Berry Site after the Berry family who had settled Morristown since before the Revolutionary War. No evidence of coffee, chocolate or wine remained at the Fort as it was burned to the ground and a ceremonial Catawban mound was erected in its place. It would be quite some time before coffee arrived back in Asheville.

Before the Spanish, the Native American civilizations known as the Ani-Yvwiya, or the “Real People,” are today known as the Cherokee. They shared the two river valley of the Swannanoa and South French Broad with other tribes. The Cherokee called the South French Broad river “Long Man,” Described as “Tahkeyostee,” or “Where They Race,” and the purple flowering chicory plant (Cichorium intybus) is found along its banks and paths. This is the pre colonial precursor to the coffee flavor for Native America. The chicory flower can be eaten raw in a salad. The roots can be boiled and eaten as a vegetable or roasted and pulverized to make a medicinal calming tonic tea or coffee substitute. Chicory is still used medicinally along the  Qualla Boundary (Cherokee reservation) as the Eastern Band of Cherokee just 51 miles from downtown Asheville in Cherokee, NC.

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ASHEVILLE COFFEE HISTORY PART 4

coffee-tea-history-asheville

Continuing today through Native American oral traditions and continuous wild harvesting, chicory was the Native American version of coffee. Chickory gained a worldwide audience of fans who enjoy its non-caffeinated coffee-like flavor and its calming effect on the nerves.

After 1585 when Sir Richard Greenville brought one hundred sailors, soldiers, and colonists to Roanoke Island with a bag of coffee the Cherokee and Europeans would have limited contact in Western North Carolina until the late 1600s. A thriving trade developed between the Cherokee and White settlers sprung-up in the early 1700s and coffee, tea, sweets and even chocolate were traded continuously between the groups in exchange for smoked trout, tomato, corn and squash seeds and pelts. The early settlers of Morrisville (later Asheville) and later on during the American Revolutionary War to establish coffee drinking and cafe’s as a cultural habit for post-colonial North Carolina. The War for American Independence brought its own action against the British tradition of tea drinking. Coffee replaced tea as Scott-Irish settlers demonstrated their patriotism by switching beverages.

Settling into what would become early Asheville 1784 these early settlers were the Davidsons, Alexander’s, Gudgers, and Pattons. Wealthier families in Western North CArolina uld showed off their privileged status by serving coffee since it took more time to prepare than tea. Since the 1650s, English Coffeehouses had become fashionable in the America allowing the colonists to talk politics between men of mixed backgrounds, The gathering placed allowed travelers and locals to enjoy a drink and discuss the news of the day, exchange ideas, or read aloud papers and pamphlets. The Boston Tea Party of 1773, helped America make the switch from tea to coffee.

By 1784, Colonel Samuel Davidson and his family settled in the Swannanoa Valley, on the basis of a soldier’s land grant from the state of North Carolina.

The United States Census of 1790 counted 1,000 residents of the area, excluding the Cherokee Native Americans. Buncombe County was officially formed in 1792. The county seat, named “Morristown” in 1793, was established on a plateau where two old Indian trails crossed. In 1797, Morristown was incorporated and renamed “Asheville” after North Carolina Governor Samuel Ashe.[11][12]  A reported 100% of Ashevillans where coffee or tea drinkers according to one report.

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